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Defense Technical Information Archive
Mar 26, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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This study was undertaken to provide for the defense planning system a broad examination of the implications of the President's foreign policy for the U.S. defense posture in the decade ahead. The Nixon Doctrine addresses the problems of a world undergoing the uncertainties of change. The balance of power is becoming more complex; the bipolar confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union continues, but new power centers - Japan, China, Western Europe - must be reckoned with in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Foster, Richard B, STANFORD RESEARCH INST ARLINGTON VA STRATEGIC STUDIES CENTER,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Mar 26, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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A previous paper, 'An Analysis of Assured Destruction', presented arguments for and against basing U.S. strategic policy upon retention of an assured destruction capability. This paper presents a number of alternative strategic postures and presents the arguments for and against each of them. As in the earlier paper, a large number of quotations from relevant sources are given.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boylan, Edward S, HUDSON INST CROTON-ON-HUDSON NY, *NUCLEAR WARFARE, FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Mar 26, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The belief that the United States must retain an 'assured destruction' capability, to be able to destroy some fixed percentage of Soviet citizenry and industrial capacity, even after absorbing a Soviet nuclear first strike, is the cornerstone of American strategic policy, both at present and in the mid-to-late 1960's. Arguments for and against the desirability of basing U. S. strategic policy upon retention of an assured destruction capability are given. A large number of quotations are given...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Boylan, Edward S, HUDSON INST CROTON-ON-HUDSON NY, *NUCLEAR WARFARE, FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Mar 25, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The International Data Archive's data holdings are grouped into ten categories: (1) cross-national data; (2) event data; (3) data on conflict; (4) data on dyads; (5) international organization data; (6) alliance data; (7) international system data; (8) instructional packages; (9) programs; and (10) miscellaneous data. The international Data Archive currently holds 47 data sets: 13 cross-national data sets; 8 event data sets; 5 data sets on conflict; 5 data sets on dyads; 1 allicance data set; 5...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tanter, Raymond, MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE,...
;Contents: American values; Domestic priorities; Foreign policy; General and political; Economic, labor, and education systems; Legal, social and other institutions; Press and other media.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wermuth, Anthony L, WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORP FALLS CHURCH VA CENTER FOR ADVANCED...
Contents: Ethics, morality, and religion; Authority and government; The individual vs. the collective; Change, humanism, and other sources of impact; Political and strategic; Technology; Military, Economic, Broad cultural.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wermuth, Anthony L, WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORP FALLS CHURCH VA CENTER FOR ADVANCED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Mar 24, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The document discusses two main classes of diplomatic and strategic surprise, described as true surprises and those which reflect failures of analysis and anticipation. Today East-West relations in Europe are jeopardized by several important forces of change which imply a deepening, perhaps eventually decisive, alteration in the configuration of power dominating the strategic and poticical situation in Europe. The immediate future in Eastern Europe is likely to produce more important...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Pfaff, William, HUDSON INST CROTON-ON-HUDSON NY, *FOREIGN POLICY, *UNITED STATES...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Mar 24, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Russett, Bruce M, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, FOREIGN POLICY, UNITED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 24, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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;Contents: Soviet and Chinese interests and objectives in Laos; Chinese and Soviet assistance to the Pathet Lao; Sino-Soviet rivalry and the Pathet Lao; Sino-Soviet relations with Laos, 1961-1971 -- A chronology.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Langer, Paul F, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, *SOUTHEAST ASIA,...
;Contents: Preface; The international political environment; The strategic environment; Institutions and means for the maintenance of peace; Arms control--general discussion; Arms control--specific problems and measures; Author index; Subject index.
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT BIBLIOGRAPHY SECTION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 24, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The paper uses three national security-related issued (Skybolt, SAM upgrade, and the Serpukhov computer), to illustrate a general discussion in Part 1, of the politics of technical advice, and in Part 2 to contrast the ability to deal with technical issues bearing on policy of the NSC staff and the Department of State. Part 1 treats such characteristic problems as the difficulty of obtaining objective technical advice in a political context; Part 2 is essentially an argument for strengthening...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Margolis, Howard, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA INTERNATIONAL AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 24, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The document is concerned with how foreign policy should be made. The study proposes procedures to assist the policy analyst in systematically developing action recommendations for dealing with foreign policy problems. The procedures are designed to assist rather than to substitute for the analyst's own judgment. They are based on the principle of decomposing large, difficult questions into series of smaller, more manageable questions. The policy analysis process as a whole is divided into...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kent, George, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *DECISION MAKING,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 24, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Russett, Bruce M, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, FOREIGN POLICY, ISRAEL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 22, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The project's major effort went into data collection. As a result, more than 90 percent of the data were collected by the end of the quarter.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY, ARMS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 22, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The topics developed are: What is social field theory; interpretation of the basic formulae; the dynamics of the spaces problem; the time and space frame problem; the basis problem; model II and the notion of theory; the concept of distance and its implications; the use and interpretation of canonical correlation; and the development of status-field theory.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Vincent, Jack E, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 22, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Contents: Political relations; Economic relations; Social and cultural relations; Periodicals with consistent coverage of Japan.
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE ACADEMY COLORADO SPRINGS CO LIBRARY, *FOREIGN POLICY, *UNITED STATES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 22, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The publication is the latest in a series of volumes issued annually since 1960. It contains basic documents on arms control and disarmament developments during the year. The papers are printed chronologically, preceded by a topical list of documents and followed by a chronological list. Other reference aids include a bibliography, an index, and lists of abbreviations, international organizations and conferences, and persons.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Lambert, Robert W, ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY WASHINGTON DC, *DISARMAMENT,...
Sandia Nuclear Weapon Laboratory Newsletters 1951-1997
Feb 16, 2019
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C426 Lab News 01 27 67
Topics: sandia, division, technical, livermore, assistant, staff, sandians, albuquerque, test, laboratory,...
The report contains material that may be used by the instructor in preparing the lectures and workshops. It is divided into three parts: lecture notes, sample newspaper file on the PRINCE Nations, and instructor's workshop manual.
Topics: DTIC Archive, CACI INC-FEDERAL ARLINGTON VA, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, *MILITARY TRAINING, COMPUTER...
The first thirteen class periods of this course was devoted to the general subject of data-file analysis in the study of international politics. In the computer workshop, a set of selected international relations data-files was made available for use. The first part of the manual gives instructions for accessing the data by remote terminals from the classroom. The second part of this manual describes and illustrates the use of two advanced statistical packages. Each package is designed for the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Young, Robert, CACI INC-FEDERAL ARLINGTON VA, *MILITARY TRAINING, FOREIGN POLICY,...
The purpose of the course is to provide through lectures, seminar discussions, work sessions with computer-based methods and assigned readings, an introduction to quantitative studies of international affairs, a survey of selected theories in international politics that are relevant to empirical research, the opportunity to get 'hands-on' experience in using data analysis and computer simulation to explore selected policy-relevant problems, and participation in critique sessions in which the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, CACI INC-FEDERAL ARLINGTON VA, *MILITARY TRAINING, FOREIGN POLICY, POLITICAL SCIENCE,...
A course to demonstrate the use of quantitative techniques in the study of international relations was designed and presented as an experimental elective at the National War College. The report describes the course, presents a student and faculty critique of the course and assembles a package of course materials which can be used by other schools and organizations for aid in the presentation of a similar course.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fain, W W, CACI INC-FEDERAL ARLINGTON VA, *MILITARY TRAINING, FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 7, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Topics: DTIC Archive, Russett, Bruce M, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, FOREIGN POLICY, ISRAEL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 7, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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A theory is developed within the wider probabilistic theory of international nuclear stability to establish the probabilities of various types of nuclear missile wars between two opponents as functions of damage and certain psycho-political parameters. The report is concerned with a spontaneous belligerency function of the two opponents. A theory is presented which generates the probability that either power will attack spontaneously as a function of appropriate damages and four...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Manz, Bruno J, OFFICE OF RESEARCH ANALYSES HOLLOMAN AFB NM, *NUCLEAR WARFARE, FOREIGN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 7, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The report examines the extent to which the U.S. and U.S.S.R. have been able to affect the amounts of military spending by Israel and the Arab countries, and thus help to control the Middle East arms race with its grave potential for mutual destruction of Arabs and Israelis. Yearly quantitative data (1948-64) on the arms budgets of Israel, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq, and on such large-scale Soviet and American actions as trade, economic aid, and military aid are used in statistical...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Mistein, Jeffrey S, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 7, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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A brief quarterly review is given of research progress, data collected, personnel, publications and reports, and the budget.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 7, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The report lists the nations and nation dyads to be factor analyzed for the year 1950, and is divided into two major sections. The first section is concerned with the variables and nations comprising 1950 attribute space; the second section gives the variables and dyads defining the behavior space of nations. This is an in-house document of the Dimensionality of Nations Project for those associated with the project, and is part of the research on the behavioral and attribute dimensions of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 6, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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;Contents: Why quantitative studies of international relations are not more widely used in the government and what can be done about it; Why government-sponsored not-for-profit research corporations have not worked on international law questions and what can (or should) be done about it.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Robinson, Thomas W, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *INTERNATIONAL LAW,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 6, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The paper discusses briefly the impact of the Sino-Soviet relationship on Yugoslavia over the past twenty years. During this period China, an external factor, a non-regional power with no historical record of presence or influence in the Balkans, has influenced in a variety of forms and has been influenced by the unfolding of Soviet policy towards Yugoslavia--a country considered after 1945 to fall within the Soviet sphere of influence and, later, a 'grey' area in both ideological and strategic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Johnson, A Ross, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *YUGOSLAVIA, USSR,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 6, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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;Contents: Early Soviet policy; Opening to the Arab world; Suez and its aftermath; The Six Day War; New opportunities, new dangers; Growing Soviet interventionist propensities.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Horelick, Arnold L, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *MIDDLE EAST, FOREIGN POLICY, ISRAEL,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The study compares an international system approach and a foreign policy approach to the study of alliance behavior in conflict situations. The Berlin Conflict of 1961 provides a case in which the study explores an event- interaction model, an organizational process model, and a combination of both. As hypothesized, the organizational processes model is more valid than the other models in the pre- and post-crisis phases of the Berlin Conflict of 1961. The combined model is more relevant during...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Tanter, Raymond, MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR INTERNATIONAL DATA ARCHIVE AND ANALYSIS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 6, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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In this quarter, status theory was subsumed under the analytic framework of field theory in a paper, 'A Status-Field Theory of International Relations.' To assess the new theory within the context of past history and other international relations theories, library research has been carried out through the period. Additional tests of field theory, this time using data on Communist China, evidenced the theory's universality. Study of action-oriented policy analysis was extended to develop...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 6, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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One research effort aims to devise and test quantitative techniques which can be employed to assess the problem forms of conflict and cooperation between nations, thereby assisting the Department of Defense in its long-range logistical and startegic planning. A second research indicates an encompassing pattern in the country's foreign policy making -- a pattern that emphasizes a ubiquitous feeling in Australia of powerlessness and dependency in international affairs.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Russett, Bruce M, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, *UNITED STATES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 6, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Two theories and considered which are current in theoretical and empirical international relations research. One is field theory, based on the idea that nation similarities and differences cause international behavior. The other is status theory, derived largely from the sociological status literature, which argues that international behavior is cased by status rank and disequilibrium. Both can be combined to postulate that status dependent, dyadic, cooperative, and conflict behavior of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 5, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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A study was made of Communist China's contemporary foreign behavior patterns. The purpose of the research is to explain Communist China's system of foreign relations by examining her differences and similarities with each other nation. Rummel's field theory guides the study. Applying this theory, a theoretical model of foreign behavior decision-making system was formulated. The research has focused on determining China's idiosyncratic systems of both perceptions of attribute distances and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rhee, Sang Woo, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *CHINA, *FOREIGN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 5, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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A computer technique is described for constructing taxonomies of national attributes in the treatment of international relations.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hall, Dennis R, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *COMPUTER PROGRAMS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 5, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Five patterns of dyadic foreign conflict behavior were delineated for 1963. They included negative communications, violence intensity, warning and defensive acts, negative sanctions and unofficial incidence of violence. The unofficial incidents of violence were noted in the less developed and smaller nations, frequently directed against major world powers. The negative communication pattern was studied in the primary behavior of the major world powers.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hall, Dennis R, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 5, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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In the past quarter, field theory was extended to provide greater relevance and applicability to traditional international relations theories. Special emphasis was placed on the interrelationship between field theory and status theories. Methodologies and guiding principles for the conduct of policy analysis studies were formulated, and a call for more action-oriented policy analyses was made. The analysis of the United Nations voting patterns was extended by attempting to predict voting based...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 4, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of the proposed research is three-fold: first, to predict conflict and cooperative behavior between any pair of Asian countries (dyad) from knowledge about differences on such attribute dimensions as political, value, economic development, etc.; second, to delineate sub-regional groupings of Asian nations with respect to conflict and cooperation; and third, to display the profiles of national attributes for each group.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Park, Tong-Whan, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *ASIA, *FOREIGN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 4, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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An analysis of U.N. voting for 1963 delimited four major issue dimensions: sanctions against racial discrimination, U.N. procedures, Union of South Africa, and cold war. Since 1955 there has been a considerable shift of nonaligned nations, such as Egypt, India, and Indonesia, away from the Soviet position. Revisions of a mathematical model of foreign conflict behavior were tested on a global sample of dyads and for subsamples involving the same actor. Testing of a missing data estimation...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
When United Nations delegates were asked to mark a questionnaire probing matters concerning the United Nations system and international affairs, different behavioral patterns emerged within a cooperative group of delegates. Delegates generally seemed positive in regard to wishes and perceptions. The questionnaire scores were related to the predictors (factors calculated from attributes concerning the respondents' home states) and the two factors development and authoritarianism was observed....
Topics: DTIC Archive, Vincent, Jack E, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 4, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of systematic evaluation procedures is to help policy analysts confronted with difficult decisions to form wise choices. Few useful guidelines have been offered for the evaluation of action alternatives, especially in the realm of foreign policy formation. Schemes based on statements of goals or objectives or on the use of broadly applicable criteria for choosing among alternatives can be misleading, and they are frequently found to be unworkable. Rather than searching for...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kent, George, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *DECISION MAKING,...
The International Relations Archive undertakes as its primary goals the acquisition, management and dissemination of international affairs data. The first goal in the present study was concerned with thee measurement of political instability. The second goal was a search for the correlates of internal conflict behavior. The investigators were not concerned with the dynamics underlying stability in any one particular country but with the determinants of stability within all national political...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Miller, Warren, MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR INTERNATIONAL DATA ARCHIVE AND ANALYSIS...
Folkscanomy Science: Books of a Scientific Nature
Feb 4, 2019
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Foreign Policy Analysis
Topic: Foreign Policy Analysis
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 2, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of the essay is to identify and explore some themes in Chinese culture that may enrich our understanding of Chinese political behavior.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Pye, Lucian W, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *CHINA, COMMUNISM, CULTURE, FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 1, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The paper analyzes two crisis situations for the United States; the Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962, and the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, 1964. The study is intended to be of assistance to decision makers and students of political science in categorizing lessons learned from the past and invite attention to recurrent issues. Using Paige's Korean Crisis propositions, a correlation analysis was made to determine their applicability to the latter crises. The range of correlation was obtained using a 'go,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Piersall, Charles H , Jr, CENTER FOR NAVAL ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 1, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The book gives an analysis of the methodology used in military- scientific research. The authors examine the characteristics of such research and the Marxist dialectic method, logic and statistical method used in it; also discussed is the process of military-scientific research and recommendations on the literary finalization of a scientific work and on the preparation of a manuscript for the press; the methodology for organizing military-scientific work is discussed in detail.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Prokhorov, I I, FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH, *MILITARY RESEARCH,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 1, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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A European Security Conference (ESC) was first proposed by the USSR in 1954-1955 as part of an effort to block the rearmament of West Germany. In 1969-1970, just as in the 1966-1967 phase of the ESC campaign, the Soviet leadership seemed to be motivated by the desire to gain political and diplomatic leverage to consolidate its control over Eastern Europe, to exploit frictions within NATO, and reduce American influence in Western Europe. However, the ESC proposal became an instrument that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Johnson, A R, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, *ORGANIZATIONS, *EASTERN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Feb 1, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Contents: Reference aids; The Caribbean region and Central America; The continent; Cuba; Dominican Republic; United States policies.
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE ACADEMY COLORADO SPRINGS CO LIBRARY, *FOREIGN POLICY, *UNITED STATES,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 31, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The equipping of intelligence service advanced computer and electronic facilities has today made it possible to rapidly systematize and digest data holdings and to convert them into an effective indepth analysis base for intelligence forecasting. Acquisition capabilities, include open-literature sources. The use of overt sources releases clandestine personnel for more difficult and responsible assignments whose execution is possible only on an illegal basis and which thus justify the national...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Sergeev, F, FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSONAFB OH, *MILITARY INTELLIGENCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 31, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Contents: De Gaulle, France, and International Relations (Introduction--Context of foreign policy initiative under de Gaulle--de Gaulle's view of domestic policy--The Nation-state: Primary Unit of International Relations--French Independence and the balance of power--France, the EEC, and Britain); and De Gaulle and the Atlantic Alliance (Introduction--Test of alliance--Integration and nuclear sharing--Rejection of nuclear-sharing proposals--Factors underlying eventual French withdrawal from the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Kolodziej, Edward, RESEARCH ANALYSIS CORP MCLEAN VA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *FRANCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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A comparison is made of two theories which have been proposed to account for behavior in the international system, rank theory and field theory. Some empirical data about international relations in the post war period is then applied to the theories. Attribute theory, which has never been proposed as a theory at all, serves mainly as a contrasting function.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Gleditsch, Nils Petter, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *POLITICAL...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 31, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The analysis reported can be characterized as a dynamic study of international conflict. It is based on the notion that 'behavior begets behavior.' A series of questions underlie this form of analysis: What are the dimensions of variation in conflict received by nations from the international system over a series of twelve monthly periods. What are the time dimensions of conflict sent by nations to the system for the same period and What are the over time relationships between conflict sent and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Phillips, Warren R, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *BEHAVIOR,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Contents: Technical problems and accomplishments in Africa; International politics; International relations theory; Alliances and alignments; Domestic and foreign conflict; Vietnam war; Influences on Arab- Israeli violence; Australian links with Britain and America; and Fiscal status.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Foltz, William J, YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CT, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, AFRICA,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The document covers a proposal to study Communist China's contemporary foreign behavior patterns. The purpose of the research is to explain Communist China's system of foreign relations by studying her differences and similarities with each other nation. The guiding theory of this study is a field theory which states that the behavior of one nation toward another is a linear transformation of their differences from each other on their attributes. Applying this theory, a theoretical model of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rhee, Sang W, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The research reported is a first step toward the building of a general theory of development in Asia. There are three tasks involved in this attempt: The delineation of patterns of development; the determination of linkages between national characteristics and the behavior of nations over time; and the construction of an all-computer simulation model to experiment on the potential effects of controls. Data have been collected on 48 measures of national characteristics for 21 Asian countries...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Park, Tong-Whan, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICALSCIENCE, *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN),...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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A center for computer-based behavioral studies (CCBS) is designed to overcome a number of methodological limitations blocking significant research advances in the study and analysis of national policies and problems. The center is to be designed around a time-shared computer system available to behavioral scientists and policy analysts at widely dispersed university and research centers. A number of tools for studying and analyzing the behavior of individuals, groups, and social-political units...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Shure, Gerald H, CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY, *BEHAVIOR,...
The International Relations Archive undertakes as its primary goals the acquisition, management and dissemination of international affairs data. These goals necessitate direct interaction between its staff and the academic community to ensure more adequate standards, predominantly in the areas of data formatting, definitions and coding of variables, and validity checking of data. This working relationship assists in data collection, data analysis, and software development. The voluntary...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hefner, Robert, MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR INTERNATIONAL DATA ARCHIVE AND ANALYSIS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The paper focuses on the political viability and usability on the present US system of military bases and facilities in East Asia and the Western Pacific in order to gain a better understanding of the political environment in which the United States must try to satisfy its future base requirements.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Fraser, Angus M, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA INTERNATIONAL AND...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The study was designed to answer three questions about the conflict behavior of nations: (1) What are the dimensions of variation in environmental inputs to nations from the international conflict system. (2) To what degree is a nation's conflict activity a response to these conflict stimuli from the environment. (3) Which characteristics of nations explain deviations from a simple stimulus-response model of conflict behavior. To this end, data were collected on several measures of foreign...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Phillips, Warren R, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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In connection with the development and testing of a field theory of international relations, the 1963 dyadic behavior of nations was analyzed to determine its dimensions. A secondary analysis was also done to determine how well these dimensions could be predicted from those found in a similar analysis of 1955 data. Large shifts are reported in the behavior of dyads between 1955 and 1963. The development of a cooperation-conflict scale for 1955 and 1963 and a plot of selected dyads on it shows...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *BEHAVIOR, *FOREIGN...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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A theory that the behavior of nations to one another is a result of their differences and similarities in attributes has been tested on 1955 data. This paper reports a retest of this theory on 1963 data. The model interprets differences and similarities as implacable forces like gravity and centrifugal force which the nation cannot alter and which affect its behavior regardless of its history, culture, or other unique characteristics. A second model interprets differences and similarities as...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Van Atta, Richard, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *BEHAVIOR,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The foreign relations of the United States are considered in terms of six hypotheses based on a linkage pre-theory, a social status theory, a distance theory, a power transition theory, integration-regional findings, and propositions about geographic distance. These hypotheses are linked together by the notion of a distance vector, interpreted in terms of the constructs of attribute space, behavior space, and dyads, and developed within a geometric framework called field theory. To test this...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *POLITICAL SCIENCE,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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In social science theorizing and empirical analysis, time has been treated as an absolute continuum along which all events and entities existing at the same time have the same temporal status. The purpose of the paper is to help alter the dependence on this singular view of time by incorporating in a field theory of international relations the notions of subjective (social) and multidimensional time.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Rummel, R J, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *FOREIGN POLICY, *TIME,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 30, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The theory proposed is designed to produce systematic information about contemporary patterns of conflict behavior and to judge the practicality of identifying the form of these patterns over time. It is based upon the belief that behavior begets behavior--that the behavior of one nation towards another is a function of its previous experience with that nation. Thus a nation's future behavior will be a function of both its own momentum in dealing with this opponent, as well as its expectations...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Phillips, Warren R, HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, *BEHAVIOR,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 29, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Contents: An overriding concern; Major interests in the Middle East; Expanding Soviet naval activities; United States and USSR aid to the Middle East; and Geographic accessibility and superpower developments.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Dadant, P M, RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA, *FOREIGN POLICY, *USSR, *MIDDLE EAST, *UNITED...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 29, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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Increased United States involvement in world affairs has been accompanied by an increase in the number of Americans living abroad in numerous American enclaves. Most of the commentary on such 'overseas American communities' is impressionistic, superficial, and stereotyped, and tends to foster the notion that Americans are peculiarly ethnocentric. Such an assumption ignores the fact that whenever a fairly large number of persons from one country reside abroad, they tend to cluster into enclaves...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Upchurch, Harley M, HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA, *CULTURE,...
Each quarterly issue contains abstracts and annotations of current literature in the English, French, German, and Russian languages, as well as abstracts and annotations of current literature in all languages published in English translation. Sources surveyed include trade books, monographs, selected government publications, publications of national and international organizations and societies, and approximately 1,700 periodicals. Entries are chosen under the assumption that arms control and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT BIBLIOGRAPHY SECTION,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 29, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The study is a brief account of one of the minor but still significant aspects of the troubled history of Sino-Soviet relations namely the role of Soviet journalists in China. It covers the period from 1920 to 1964.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Whaley, Barton, MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL...
The study measures conflict and cooperation intensity between members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and members of the Warsaw Treaty Organization (WTO) during the Berlin crisis of 1961, and during the Cuban crisis of 1962. The author attempts to predict actions at particular times during the crises based on the composition and intensity of earlier actions.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Corson, Walter H, MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR INTERNATIONAL DATA ARCHIVE AND ANALYSIS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 29, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The International Relations Archive undertakes as its primary goal the acquisition, management and dissemination of international affairs data. This goal necessitates direct interaction between the International Relations Archive staff and the academic community to ensure more adequate standards predominantly in the areas of data formatting, definitions and coding of variables, and validity checking of data. This working relationship assists the archival staff in maintaining awareness of the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Hefner, Robert, MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR INTERNATIONAL DATA ARCHIVE AND ANALYSIS...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 29, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The research is centered on Chinese Communist political and cultural themes, with some comparative examination of non-Communist Chinese and Soviet Communist materials.
Topics: DTIC Archive, Weakland, John H, MENTAL RESEARCH INST PALO ALTO CA, *COMMUNISTS,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 29, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The report discusses the potential significance for United States- China relations of a better understanding of Chinese Communist patterns of strategy and negotiation. These patterns are clarified by considering strategic maneuvering in relation to interaction and influence generally, and by viewing Chinese Communist behavior against the background of Chinese models of cooperative and antagonistic relationships. Major strategic themes discerned include avoidance of clinches, keeping the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Weakland, John H, MENTAL RESEARCH INST PALO ALTO CA, *COMMUNISTS, *FOREIGN POLICY,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
Jan 29, 2019 Defense Technical Information Center
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The purpose of the study was to analyze the perceptions, motivations, incentives, and constraints that shape Soviet policies on arms control. The study is based on extensive examinations of open Soviet and other sources; its focus is mainly on the political and strategic factors in Soviet arms control policies. Volume 1 is a summary of AD707052.
Topics: DTIC Archive, INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA INTERNATIONAL AND SOCIAL STUDIES DIV,...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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The background papers in the volume investigate the national support experience in peacekeeping and peace observation operations undertaken by regional organizations and under ad hoc arrangements. These cases cover the experiences of the Organization of American States and the Arab League, as well as the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission in Korea, and the International Commissions created under the Geneva Accords of 1954. These cases afford an opportunity to analyze and contrast the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, Wainhouse, David W, WASHINGTON CENTER OF FOREIGN POLICY RESEARCH DC, *FOREIGN POLICY,...